NASA Descends on The Icelandic Lava Field to Prepare For Mars NASA descends on the Icelandic lava field to prepare for Mars The Laugahraun magma field was chosen as a remnant for the surface of the Red Planet.
To plan the next mission to Mars in 2020, NASA has taken Iceland’s magma fields to prepare its new mechanical space pilgrim for the activity.
With its dark basalt sand, ridges cleared by the wind and rough pinnacles, the Lambahraun magma field at the foot of Iceland’s second-largest ice mass, Langjokull, was collected as a rest on the surface of the Red Planet.
NASA Descends on The Icelandic Lava Mars
For three weeks, 15 researchers and architects sent by the US space organization plummeted on the site, 100 kilometers (62 miles) from the capital, Reykjavik, a month ago to build a model.
He will plan to continue the work done by the wandering “Interest”, who has been investigating Mars since 2012 in search of signs of outdated life and preparing for human research.
The specialists affirm that Iceland, a volcanic island in the North Atlantic, remembers from numerous points of view the fourth planet from the Sun.
“Overall, it is excellent for Mars research and discovering how to drive the meanders of Mars,” said Adam Deslauriers, director of room and training, at the Mission Control Space Services of Canada.
The organization has been authorized by NASA to test a meandering model as an important aspect of the company SAND-E (Semi-autonomous navigation for detrital environments).
- The model is a small electric vehicle with whiteboards and an orange undercarriage.
- It has a four-wheel-drive driven by two engines and is controlled by 12 small batteries of vehicles stacked inside.
- “This meander we have … (is) fundamentally indestructible,” Deslauriers told AFP.
- “The wicked we have on Mars and the Moon would be increasingly delicate with nature and the states of Iceland.
- “A meandering moon is totally unprepared by the downpour,” he included, similar to how a downpour rain cleared.
Equipped with sensors, a PC, a dual focal point camera and remotely controlled, the meander moves its around 570 kilograms (1,257 pounds) at an unfavorable speed of about 20 centimeters (7.9 inches) per second.
The speed must be delayed to allow the walker to gather information and symbolism properly, said Mark Vandermeulen, an application autonomy engineer in the Mission Control Space Services.
The small rhythm in the magma field is still two or more times faster than the speed that will lead in its extraterrestrial target.
Transmitting from Mars to Earth
Using its sensors and its camera, the meander gathers and orders information about its condition and sends the findings to the specialist’s trailer.
At that time, the architects group the information and send it to a tent where the researchers are grouped, to recreate how the information from Mars would be sent to Earth.
The wanderer who investigates Iceland is just a model he will go to, Mars, within a year.
That, which still cannot be named, will also have the option of gathering evidence and storing them in cylinders to take them to Earth on future missions.
As the model cannot do it, walk through the region considered, equipped with radiometers and other equipment, to collect each of the information tests that the complete meander would probably do.
The premises are chosen to consider how the synthetic structure and physical properties of sand and milkshakes change as they move from the ice sheet to a nearby waterway.
Before Mars became a solidified hostile dessert with a normal temperature of 63 degrees C (minus 81.4 degrees F), researchers accept that the planet shared a lot of attributes of the subarctic island.
“The mineralogy in Iceland is fundamentally the same as we would discover on Mars,” said Ryan Ewing, an associate geography educator at Texas A&M University.
Specifically, Ewing referred to minerals, for example, olivine and pyroxenes, both supposed dark mafic rocks, which have also been found on Mars.
“Despite that, we don’t have much vegetation, it’s cold and we have a part of the situations like sandhills and waterways and icy masses that Mars has proof of before,” said Ewing.
Iceland has recently been used as a preparation field for NASA missions.
During the years of the Apollo mission, 32 space travelers in the mid-1960s prepared geographically in the Askja magma fields and near the Krafla well in the north of the nation.
The configuration allows NASA to test hardware and systems, as well as the people who perform them, in scandalous conditions while remaining on firm ground.
Mission Control says it wants to return to Iceland the following summer before sending the next wandering Mars mission, booked between July 17 and August 5, 2020.